Industrial Relations

  Union
membership
Estimated
Density Rate
Estimated Density Rate
(by size of establishment)
Private enterprises
1000
employees
and over
100-999
employees
1-99
employees
Calendar year persons % % % %
1995 12,613,582 23.8 59.9 21.2 1.6
1996 12,451,149 23.2 58.1 20.5 1.6
1997 12,284,721 22.6 58.4 20.1 1.5
1998 12,092,879 22.4 56.9 19.6 1.5
1999 11,824,593 22.2 57.2 19.5 1.4
2000 11,538,557 21.5 54.2 18.8 1.4
2001 11,212,108 20.7 53.5 17.7 1.3
2002 10,800,608 20.2 54.8 16.8 1.3
2003 10,531,329 19.6 51.9 16.6 1.2
2004 10,309,413 19.2 50.6 15.8 1.2
2005 10,138,150 18.7 47.7 15.0 1.2
2006 10,040,580 18.2 46.7 14.8 1.1
2007 10,079,614 18.1 47.5 14.3 1.1
2008 10,064,823 18.1 45.3 13.9 1.1
2009 10,077,506 18.5 46.2 14.2 1.1
2010 10,053,624 18.5 46.6 14.2 1.1
2011 9,960,609 18.1 - - -
2012 9,892,284 17.9 45.8 13.3 1.0
2013 9,874,895 17.7 44.9 13.1 1.0
2014 9,849,176 17.5 45.3 12.4 1.0
2015 9,882,092 17.4 45.7 12.2 0.9
2016 9,940,495 17.3 44.3 12.2 0.9
2017 9,981,437 17.1 44.3 11.8 0.9
2018 10,069,711 17.0 41.5 11.7 0.9
2019 10,087,915 16.7 40.8 11.4 0.8
2020 10,115,447 17.1 41.8 11.3 0.9
Source MHLW "Basic Survey on Labour Unions"
Line and bar graph. Union membership and Density Rate(Estimated). See the table above for data.