In August and October 1998, the Management and Coordination Agency (MCA) surveyed job applicants in conjunction with its Labor Force Survey. The survey asked how their employment situation had changed in the past year, why they left work, whether they were finding a new job, and why they are unable to find work.
When the survey was conducted in October, the number of jobless had hit 2.9 million. About 1.83 million of that number had worked during the past year. Of that figure, 1.14 million were men and 680,000 were women; 880,000 were aged 15 to 34, 500,000 were 35 to 54, and 460,000 were 55 or older.
Why did they quit their previous work? About 17 percent of the men had been dismissed or retrenched (but did not include those who became unemployed when their firm went bankrupt and closed). About 19 percent of the women said family responsibilities (marriage, childbirth, other domestic care, nursing or other personal reasons such as illness). Another 18 percent mentioned dismissal and retrenchment. Twenty percent of the unemployed aged 15 to 34 said they left work because working conditions such as pay, working hours and holiday leave were not up to their expectations before being employed; 26 percent of the unemployed aged 35 to 54 said they had been dismissed or retrenched; 35 percent of the unemployed aged over 55 listed the mandatory retirement age or completion of an employment contract as the reason for their being unemployed; with 26 percent citing dismissal and retrenchment.
The survey also reported that 12 percent of those employees surveyed wanted to switch jobs. Twenty-two percent of temporary and part-time workers and 20 percent of other non-regular workers and dispatched workers wished to change jobs. Meanwhile, 11 percent of regular employees and managers wanted to switch jobs. As for the reasons to switch jobs, 22 percent of the regular employees cited "deteriorating working conditions," 30 percent of part-time and temporary workers cited the casual nature of their employment, and 26 percent of other non-regular workers and dispatched workers cited the same reasons for wanting another job.
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