The number of non-regular employees was 10.43 million as of February 1996, 7.7 million of whom were women. The number of female employees in non-regular work increased 2.87 million over the past decade until 1996, making up two-thirds of the increased number of employed women during the 10-year period, according to a Management and Coordination Agency survey. Regarding the attitudes of non-regular employees toward their work, many worked on a non-regular basis to make the most of their lives. The percentage of those who were satisfied with working conditions such as appraisal and treatment and job stability was not so low, and around 80 percent wanted to continue working in their current form of employment. But 14.2 percent were dissatisfied with their present form of employment, wanting to switch to a regular, full-time job. By employment form, a relatively large number, or slightly less than 30 percent of dispatched workers expressed such dissatisfaction, a Ministry of Labour survey reported.
Furthermore, the wage difference between part-time and regular female workers has tended to widen annually. In June 1995, the average hourly wage for part-time female workers was ¥854, and if hourly earnings for regular women workers(a value obtained by dividing monthly scheduled earnings by the number of actual scheduled hours worked) are taken as 100, earnings for women part-timers remain at 70.4. In 1976, the figure was 80.6, the difference widening by more than 10 points in the two decades. In addition, the percentage of both part-time and full-time, non-regular women workers who received various allowances and benefited from a wage system with retirement allowance was extremely low, manifesting the wide disparity between them and their regularly employed counterparts in wages and benefits, according to the Ministry of Labour survey.
The government needs to improve an environment which allows female workers to choose, on their own, a non-regular employment form in tandem with their individual life styles and to go ahead with consolidation of working conditions so that this type of work may not prompt an increase in the number of women forced to work under lower working conditions, the paper pointed out.
previous page next page MENU General Survey Index